The confines of the home should be a safe space for all members of a family. However, for many women and girls in all parts of the globe, gender-based violence (GBV) linked to inequality in the family is an all-too-common reality.
GBV is defined as any act or threat that inflicts harm on an individual due to their gender. Physical and psychological acts of GBV include rape, intimate partner violence (IPV), domestic abuse, and honor killings, among many others. Discriminatory practices like child marriage, human trafficking, and female genital mutilation (FGM) that control women and girls are also forms of GBV. Economic violence is a lesser-recognized form of GBV in which women and girls’ livelihood opportunities and decision-making abilities are limited or controlled. Finally, GBV can present itself through structural violence, meaning harm stemming from an institutionalized system that prevents women and girls from meeting their basic needs.